Clojure is a functional programming language targeting JVM developed by Rich Hickey. It is a dialect of Lisp, which is distinctive with the use of parenthesis and Polish notation (generally referred to as Prefix notation). Clojure follows the same fully-parenthesized Polish prefix notation.
It is a beautiful language. However, people get scared when they see the prefix notation and lot of parenthesis. For example,
(+ 3 4 (+ 3 3 5)
Recently, a question was asked on Java Ranch and I tried to answer the question to the best of my knowledge. I am just presenting it here.
I can understand that being taught to use infix notation throughout the school and then in most of the other programming languages of choice, it is difficult to switch to prefix mode, which is also known as Polish notation. Having said that it is easier to understand and grasp but needs a good amount of patience to reach that level.
The syntax may come handy if you think about tree-structured data. The expression, say
(* A B), which is equivalent to
A * B in infix, is represented as
* / \ A B
So, the Polish prefix notation is just a way to represent the s-expression in a tree data structure in one line, * comes
first followed by A and then B, equals,
* A B and in Lisp world of parenthesis
(* A B)
This complication is mostly for mathematical functions like +, -, * and /. However, other functions are very easy. For example, a call in Python like programming language would look like,
print "Hello World!"
This is nothing but a prefix notation and can be represented in Clojure as
(print "Hello Word!")
I have never developed a full-scale application in Clojure or LISP, but I find it much easier to understand the code in Clojure then Java. It is easier to make Java code look horrible, it is equally difficult to do so in Clojure.
I find this article named The Nature of Lisp on the steep curve in learning Lisp worth reading. And also, 2 MYTHS AND 2 FACTS ABOUT CLOJURE THAT CHANGE EVERYTHING
Some links shared on the same post in Java Ranch by Peer Reynders are:
(Neal’s) Master Plan for Clojure Enterprise Mindshare Domination - Neal Ford Simple Made Easy by Rich Hickey
Sneaking Clojure Past the Boss
Selling Clojure to Business
PolyConf 15: Contracts as Types / Jessica Kerr